Already we know that India is known as one of the biggest democracy of the world. In India, the Prime Minister is the chief executive of the Indian Government. In the Indian parliamentary, the constitution of India states the President as the head of the state. Still, prime minister and the council of ministers have the executive powers. Prime Ministers are sworn in and appointed by the president. The head of a party or in Lok Sabha which alliance has the majority will have the PM’s post.
Since 1947 to till now India has the 16 Prime Ministers in which 14 of them are the full-time Prime Minister. In this article, we have provided you with the list of Prime Minister we have in India and explained some great deals about them. Also, use this article wisely to score well in some of the competitive exams.
|Name / Party Name||Born – Death||In Office||Total Duration|
|Jawaharlal Nehra / INC||1889-1964||1947-1964||16 years, 286 days|
|Gulzarilal Nanda / INC||1898-1998||1964||13 days|
|Lal Bahadur Shastri / INC||1904-1966||1964-1966||1 year, 216 days|
|Gulzarilal Nanda / INC||1898-1998||1966||13 days|
|Indira Gandhi INC||1917-1984||1966-1977||11 years, 59 days|
|Morarji Desai / Janata Party||1896-1995||1977-1979||11 years, 59 days|
|Charan Singh / Janata Party with INC||1902-1987||1979-1980||170 days|
|Indira Gandhi / INC||1917-1984||1980-1984||4 years, 291 days|
|Rajiv Gandhi / INC||1944-1991||1984-1989||5 years, 32 days|
|V. P. Singh / Janata Dal||1931-2008||1989-1990||343 days|
|Chandra Shekhar Samajwadi / Janatha with INC||1927-2007||1990-1991||223 days|
|P. V. Narasimha Rao / INC||1921-2004||1991-1996||4 years, 330 days|
|Atal Bihari Vajpayee / BJP||1924-2018||1996||16 days|
|H. D. Deve Gowda / Janata Dal||1933||1996-1997||324 days|
|Inder Kumar Gujral / Janata Dal||1919-2012||1997-1998||332 days|
|Atal Bihari Vajpayee / BJP||1924-2018||1998-2004||6 years, 64 days|
|Manmohan Singh / INC||1932||2004-2014||10 years, 4 days|
|Narendra Modi / BJP||1950||2014||Still Counting*|
Nehru is both a freedom fighter and also the first Prime Minister of India and one of the important leaders in Indian politics during before and after the independence. He becomes the most important and famous leader in India under the guidance of Mahatma Gandhi. He served as the Prime Minister soon after India got independence until his death. This is one of the main reasons he is called as the architect of India. He is also called to be Pandit Nehru because of his roots with Kashmiri Pandit and Children called him as the Chacha Nehra.
Guzarilal Nanda is born during the month of July 4th, 1898 in Sialkot which is now in Pakistan. He is an economist by his profession as the professor of Economics at National College in Bombay during 1921. Also, he is known for his research work at Allahabad University. In the year of 1952, he was elected to parliament during the general election and later appointed as the Minister of irrigation, power, and planning.
He was worked two times as the acting prime minister for each time on a 13 days period during the death of Jawaharlal Nehru and Bahadur Shastri. Moreover, he was honored India’s highest award of Bharat Ratna in the year of 1997 due to his contribution to the Indian government and society.
Lal Bahadur Shastri
During the October 2nd India we are blinded by celebrating only Gandhi Jayanti for Mahatma Gandhi and for these reasons we forget to celebrate the Lal Bahadur’s birthday who helped for the growth of India who is also the Official 2nd Prime Minister. His input to India is immeasurable despite the fact that his party never gave him the credit for anything. After the defeat against China in the year of 1962, he is the one recovered India’s Self-confident and innovated India to win against Pakistan war in 1965.
She was born in the month of November 19 in the year of 1917 and also the daughter of one of the most reputable men in India. She was served as the PM of India for three continuous times and during the fourth time, she was assassinated during the year of 1984. In the year of 1955 she becomes the working member of the congress committee and later she becomes a member of Rajya Sabha. During the sudden death of the Shastri, she was named as the Prime Minister who was the first women PM in Indian history.
Before Morarji became as a PM he served as the Chief Minister of Bombay during 1952. He is the fourth Prime Minister of India and the first PM who is a non-congress member. For the unparalleled achievements he has done in his life he received the highest civilian award from both India and Pakistan. He got the Bharat Ratna from India and from Pakistan he received Nishaan-e-Pakistan. Also, he is the oldest person to become as the PM at the age of 81 which is still unbreakable. This record itself shows us never ever stop trying.
Chaudhary Charan Singh was the 6th Prime Minister of India. He entered politics importantly for the Independence movement. Even after the independence is won he continued his interests in politics and become one of the well-known individuals for opposing Nehru in his some of the policies and also he won the battle against him which forced Nehru to change his policies in favor to Charan. He is also the only Prime Minister who did not face the parliament to become PM.
Rajiv Gandhi is one of the youngest and the 7th PM of India who becomes Prime Minister at the age of 40. He is the eldest son of the Indira and the Feroze Gandhi. Rajiv Gandhi was not an interested person in politics. the only has shown his interest in politics when his brother was killed in a plane crash. Also, he becomes the president of the Indian Youth Congress. Soon after his mother Indira Gandhi was assassinated he participated in Lok Sabha election for Congress and won by 404 out of 533 seats which are taken as one of the biggest victories. Therefore he became as the youngest PM India ever had.
V. P. Singh
At beginning Singh won the election of Lok Sabha during the year 1971 and later he was made as the deputy minister of commerce by the PM Indira Gandhi. But when Indira Gandhi regained her PM post in 1980 he becomes the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh during 1980-1982 and after that, he continued his commerce minister post again in the year of 1983. Later he resigned from his post due to some issues and founded the Janata Dal a joining of three small parties. Thus he won the election in the 1989th year and become as the Prime Minister of India in 2nd December 1989.
Chandra Shekhar was born on July 1 in 1927 at Ibrahimpatti who is both legislator and politician. During 1964 he joined the ruling Congress Party right before that he was one of the leading members of the social party. In the year of 1977, he becomes the head of Janata Party which was headed by the Morarji Desai. But due to a rebellion, he broke his alliance with Janata and he formed Janata Dal Socialist Faction by the support of Rajiv Gandhi. After that, he becomes the Prime Minister of India in 1990. But later he resigned in 1991 soon after congress withdrawn its support.
P. V. Narasimha Rao
In the beginning, Narasimha arrived in politics as an activist of Congress party. Later he was served as the Andhra Pradesh state legislative assembly during 1957 – 1977. He also supported the Indira Gandhi during the split of Congress in 1969. Also, he had several minister positions in Andhra Pradesh from 1962 to 1973. Moreover, he is fluent in 6 Indian languages and done translation works in fictions and books. Because of the assassination of the Rajiv Gandhi in 1991 congress party selected Narasimha as its head. Therefore he becomes the 10th Prime Minister of India.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
He was 1st elected to the parliament member of Bharatiya Jana Sangh during the year of 1957, which later becomes as the BJP party. By being the foreign minister of the Janata Party he earned fame for gaining a relationship with the China and Pakistan. Later in the year of 1980 when there was a split in BJS, he is the one who helped BJS to reorganize into the BJP. In 1996 Vajapayee become as the Prime Minister of India but due to his failing for attracting more supporters, he was only in the office for a 13 days period. But again he becomes the Prime Minister of India in 1998.
H. D. Deve Gowda
During the years of 1953-1962, he was one of the members of the Indian National Congress. But later he abandoned the party and got elected in the Mysore State legislative assembly. For a period of four continuous times, he was a member of the assembly. In the year of 1994, Gowda gained leadership of the Janata Dal party and he serves as the Chief Minister of Karnataka. By making an alliance with the Congress Gowda won the election that was held in the 1997 and served as the 11th Prime Minister of India.
Inder Kumar Gujral
After he becomes a member of Congress Party, in 1964 he started to serve in the Rajya Sabha until 1976. Later due to his issues with the government he resigned from his post and becomes the Soviet Union ambassador. However, in 1992 he entered the Rajya Sabha again and named as the external affairs minister. When Deve Gowda lost the Prime Minister post, Congress backed the Gujral and he becomes the 12th Prime Minister of India. Though he only remained in office for a short period of time and he resigned the post soon after Congress withdrew its support.
Manmohan Singh is the only non-Hindu to serve as the Prime Minister of India. During 1970 he was selected for the economic advisory post for his unparalleled achievements in economics. Also, he has worked as the director of Reserve Bank of India from 1976 to 1980 and later he was named as the governor from 1982 to 1985. During the year of 1991, he served as the finance minister. When India was in the verge of economic collapse he reformed India’s economy.
He joined Rajya Sabha in the year of 1991 and later during 1999 he ran for the Lok Sabha but he got defeated. When Congress won the parliamentary election on May 2004, Sonia Gandhi declined the Prime Minister post and recommended the Manmohan for the PM post. Therefore, he formed a government and becomes the 13th Prime Minister of India.
During the year of 1987 he joined the BJP and after one year he started to serve as the general secretary of Gujarat branch. In 2002 Modi participated in his 1st election contest in February. Therefore he served as the Chief Minister of Gujarat. Both the major countries such as the United States and the United Kingdom criticized for his doubted involvement in 2002 riots. However, his continuous success in politics has made his bad remarks invisible. Later in the year of 2013 BJP helped Modi to advance his position as the potential candidate for the PM. Therefore he was made the leader of BJP campaign and won the election in 2014, then becomes the 14th Prime Minister of India.
These are the list of Prime Ministers India has up to date. Gain this information to improve your general knowledge which might come as the handy one during any interview or exams. Moreover, share this knowledge with your friends and family to let them know these interesting details of the Indian Prime Minister. Also, you are welcome to share your favorite PM and their traits in the comment section below.